Smoking is highly injurious to health. It leads to various health issues and diseases and damages almost every organ of the human body.
Tobacco is one of the oldest drugs, which not only affects the lungs but the whole body. It contains around 70 chemicals that may cause cancer. Tobacco contains an intoxicating drug known as nicotine. It is extremely addictive and once a person is hooked, it becomes highly difficult to quit. The substances contained in tobacco products are acetone, tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide, which are nowhere safe for one’s health.
How Smoking Affects Your Well Being
Smoking impacts the quality of life and well-being of a person negatively. While smoking can affect the body and its functions adversely in the long run, it might affect the body immediately as well.
Studies have proved that the major population of America is suffering from diseases caused by smoking. The harmful effects of smoking may include:
- Constant cough
- Shortness of breath
- Bad breath
- Fertility problems
- Menstrual problems
- Reduced sense of smell and taste
Smoking also raises the risk for cancers of the lung, kidney, mouth, larynx, cervix, liver, bladder, stomach. It may also increase the risk of Acute Myeloid leukemia.
Effects of Smoking on the Body
Inhaling tobacco leads to harming nearly all of the body organs causing various health complications in the short as well as the long run.
Tobacco contains a mood-altering drug called nicotine. The effects of tobacco smoke on the central nervous system comprise the following:
- As the effect of nicotine wears off, it leaves the person with adverse fatigue.
- Withdrawal from nicotine causes anxiousness, irritability, depression, headaches and sleep problems.
Smoking tobacco leads to inhaling harmful substances that can damage the lungs and which ultimately results in numerous complications like increased infections and chronic nonreversible lung conditions. The following health problems may arise in the respiratory system due to smoking:
- Damage of the air sacs in the lungs, known as emphysema
- Problems in the larynx and trachea
- Risk of lung infection
- Symptoms as coughing and wheezing
- Lung damage and irritation due to the accumulation of the poisonous substances caused by the weakening of the lungs’ clearance system
- Chronic Bronchitis
- Inflammation of the lung airways causing breathlessness
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
- Lung Cancer
Smoking harms the whole cardiovascular system and risks the health of people around those who smoke as well. The following are the effects smoking has on the cardiovascular system:
- Nicotine causes the narrowing of the blood vessels restricting the free flow of the blood. In the long run, this can damage the blood vessels and can cause peripheral artery disease
- Raises blood pressure, heart rate and escalates blood clots, which in turn increases the risk of stroke, heart damage and pulmonary embolism
- Increased risk of deteriorating heart disease
- Raised chances of heart attack and stroke owing to blood supply blockage
- Decreased oxygen carried while exercising
- Impairment to the lining of the arteries
Effects of tobacco smoke on the immune system include the following:
- It weakens the immune system, which leads to diseases affecting the body more severely and continues for longer periods
- Higher vulnerability to infections such as influenza and pneumonia
- It leads to lowering the levels of defensive antioxidants in the blood
- Increased risk of pancreatic cancer and mouth cancer
- Effects insulin which may lead to the development of insulin resistance
- Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
The effects of smoking on the female body include:
- Irregularity or absence of menstrual cycle
- Early menopause
- Increased risk of cervix cancer
- Reduced fertility
The effects of smoking on the male body include:
- Damage to sperm genetically
- Low sperm count
- Greater risk of deformity of the sperm
- Erectile Dysfunction
Effects of Smoking on Babies
Smoking during pregnancy results in a higher risk of premature birth, miscarriage, and stillbirth. It may also make the newborn bay susceptible to asthma, ear infections, oxygen deprivation, physical deformities, and growth problems.
Smoking tobacco may also lead to weaker lungs in the baby. They may be at an increased risk of cleft lip and may suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
Other Effects of Smoking
- Studies show that smoking tobacco might change the structure of the skin increasing the risk of Skin Cancer (Squamous Cell Carcinoma)
- Increases the risk of fungal nail infections
- Smoking may also result in hair loss, graying and balding
- Increased risk of blood cancer
- Dry skin and premature aging
- May turn fingers and fingernails to a yellowish colour
- Leads to loss of appetite due to the reduced sense of taste
- It can lead to worsening the condition of asthma patients
- Smoking can also cause vision problems and lead to eye diseases like macular degeneration, glaucoma and cataracts
- Periodontitis, a gum disease
You might also like to read: Best Way To Lose Arm Fat At Home